Data Management Terms

The table below displays all the terms associated with the Data Management Glossary.
Term Description

is a Knowledge Organization System that provides a specification of concrete or abstract things, and the relationships among them, in a prescribed domain of knowledge. NOTE The specification should be computer processable
Derived from [ISO/IEC 19763-3:2010]

Operational Level Agreement

defines the interdependent relationships in support of a service-level agreement (SLA). The agreement describes the responsibilities of each internal support group toward other support groups, including the process and timeframe for delivery of their services. The objective of the OLA is to present a clear, concise and measurable description of the service provider's internal support relationships.

Operational Metadata

Contains information that is available in operational systems and run-time environments from the perspective of the process execution.


unique framework of authority within which a person or persons act, or are designated to act, towards some purpose
[ISO/IEC 6523-1:1998, 3.1].

Organization data flow

is a data flow that occurs between organizations or organization units.

Personal Data

is Sensitive Data which categorizes any information relating to an identified or identifiable person. (1)

Physical Data Model

is a Data Model that represents the instantiation of meaning, relationships and data attributes in a physical implementation automated by technology.


is generally, a document that records a high‐level principle or course of action that has been decided on. The intended purpose is to influence and guide both present and future decision making to be in line with the philosophy, objectives and strategic plans established by the enterprise’s management teams

Preferred Term

is a Term specified by a Controlled Vocabulary for use to represent a Concept and is used over all other terms referencing the same concept.

Preventive Application Control

is a Preventive Control operating within an Application that is intended to prevent an error from occurring.
Preventive application controls are typically executed at the transaction level, before an action is performed.

Preventive Control

is an internal control that is used to avoid undesirable events, errors and other occurrences that an organization has determined could have a negative material effect on a process or end product.

Pricing Model

articulates the values held by an organization that reflects its intention to operate in a specific area.

Process Flow

is the transition from one business process to another.

Process Lineage

is a record of Process Flows between business processes to perform a specific business function.


is a record of ownership of a work of art or an antique, used as a guide to authenticity or quality

Provisioning Point

is a mechanism to distribute data to help ensure the appropriate source of data is used throughout the organization.


is an acronym that stands for Responsible, Accountable, Consulted and Informed.

RACI Matrix

is a Responsibility Assignment Matrix (RAM) where the roles RACI are clearly defined as:

  • R - Responsible
  • A - Accountable
  • C - Consulted
  • I - Informed
Registry Metamodel

is a Metamodel specifying a Metadata Registry

Regulatory Lineage

is the data lineage that has been requested by one or more regulators to evidence compliance.

Relational Data Model

is an approach to managing data using a structure and language consistent with first-order predicate logic, first described in 1969 by Edgar F. Codd,[1][2] where all data is represented in terms of tuples, grouped into relations. A database organized in terms of the relational model is a relational database.

Relational Data Modelling

is the process used to construct a Relational Data Model.

Reporting Framework

is an Architecture Framework that provides standards and best practices on how information is reported. This ties back to the Metadata, Modeling, Movement & Data Quality frameworks.

Reputational Risk

is a risk of loss resulting from damages to a firm's reputation, in lost revenue; increased operating, capital or regulatory costs; or destruction of shareholder value, consequent to an adverse or potentially criminal event even if the company is not found guilty. Adverse events typically associated with reputation risk include ethics, safety, security, sustainability, quality, and innovation. Reputational risk can be a matter of corporate trust.

Responsibility Assignment Matrix

is a tool that describes the participation by various roles in completing tasks or deliverables for a project or business process. RAM can also be referred to in general as a RACI Matrix or Linear Responsibility Chart (LRC), RACI Matrix is a specific instance of a the categories, but others also exist.

Risk Appetite

is the level and type of risk a firm is able and willing to assume in its exposures and business activities, given its business objectives and obligations to stakeholders.

As defined in Senior Supervisors Group report, Observations on Developments in Risk Appetite Frameworks and IT Infrastructure (December 2010). 

Risk Data Aggregation

means the defining, gathering and processing risk data according to the bank’s risk reporting requirements to enable the bank to measure its performance against its risk.

Risk Model

is a model used to calculate risk. The model uses formal econometric techniques to determine the aggregate risk in a given portfolio.

Risk Reporting Framework

is a Reporting Framework that ensures that all risk elements are being captured and reported in a timely and accurate way.

Rule Type

identifies the classification of a rule.

Second Line of Defense
Semantic Framework
Semantic Model

is a model that defines the meaning of things that are important to the business process and the relationships between those meanings.
EDM Council

Semi-Automated Control

is a combination of both automated and manual controls is necessary to adequately mitigate the risk. Usually, the manual part is dependent on the automated part.

Sensitive Data

is a Data Classification that identifies data that must be protected from unauthorized access or disclosure to safeguard the privacy or security of an individual or organization.

Sensitive Personal Data

is Personal data that consists of information that is specifically protected information of an Identifiable Person. These may include, but is not restricted to:

(a) the racial or ethnic origin person

(b) political opinions

(c) religious beliefs or other beliefs of a similar nature

(d) Membership of a trade union (within the meaning of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992),

(e) Physical or mental health or condition,

(f) Sexual information

(g) the commission or alleged commission of any offence

(h) any proceedings for any offence committed or alleged to have been committed by the person, the disposal of such proceedings or the sentence of any court in such proceedings.

Service Level Agreement

is an official commitment that between a service provider and a consumer. Particular aspects of the service – quality, availability, responsibilities – are agreed between the service provider and the service user.


is a Industry Metadata Standard (Simple Knowledge Organization System) that represents a common data model for knowledge organization systems such as thesauri, classification schemes, subject heading systems and taxonomies. Using SKOS, a knowledge organization system can be expressed as machine-readable data. It can then be exchanged between computer applications and published in a machine-readable format in the Web.
Derived from:


is a mandatory requirement, code of practice or specification approved by a recognized standards authority.

Storage Metadata
Structure Definition

is a Metadata Set that describes a set of structural metadata of a Data Set.


is a Knowledge Organization System that is a structured vocabulary using classificatory principles as well as thesaural features, designed as a navigation tool for use with electronic media.

Technical Metadata

Metadata that is used to describe the creation, organization, movement, change and storage of information from the perspective of the technical design and implementation.

Technical Rule

is a rule that defines or constrains some aspect of the technology process. Note this can be related to a Business Rule.

Technical Term

is a Term that is associated with technology.

Technology Architecture

is the architecture that provides the strategy, design and execution plan for the technical infrastructure to support the enterprise objectives.

EDM Council

Technology Control

is a Control operated by the technology community.


is a word or phrase used to label a Concept [in a clearly defined context] .